Government net lending/borrowing Comparison

Economic Indicator Details

Indicator:General government net lending/borrowing
Units:Percent of GDP
Scale:%
Notes:Net lending (+)/ borrowing (?) is calculated as revenue minus total expenditure. This is a core GFS balance that measures the extent to which general government is either putting financial resources at the disposal of other sectors in the economy and nonresidents (net lending) or utilizing the financial resources generated by other sectors and nonresidents (net borrowing). This balance may be viewed as an indicator of the financial impact of general government activity on the rest of the economy and nonresidents (GFSM 2001 paragraph 4.17). Note: Net lending (+)/borrowing (?) is also equal to net acquisition of financial assets minus net incurrence of liabilities.

Latest Data Values

RankCountryValue
1 East Timor 202.03%
2 Republic of Congo 28.50%
3 Kuwait 17.88%
4 Brunei 14.90%
5 Azerbaijan 14.38%
6 Libya 14.23%
7 Norway 11.29%
8 Chad 9.15%
9 United Arab Emirates 7.94%
10 Gabon 7.35%
11 Qatar 6.89%
12 Oman 6.22%
13 Saudi Arabia 6.19%
14 São Tomé and Príncipe 3.83%
15 Angola 3.30%
16 Uzbekistan 2.39%
17 Iran 2.35%
18 Solomon Islands 2.21%
19 South Korea 1.99%
20 Seychelles 1.88%
21 Hong Kong 1.76%
22 Singapore 1.45%
23 Turkmenistan 1.25%
24 Papua New Guinea 0.59%
25 Vanuatu 0.15%
26 Djibouti 0.04%
27 Paraguay -0.09%
28 Peru -0.12%
29 Nicaragua -0.52%
30 Chile -0.56%
31 Malawi -0.61%
32 Antigua and Barbuda -0.62%
33 Dominica -0.65%
34 Rwanda -0.74%
35 Uruguay -0.86%
36 Switzerland -0.87%
37 Panama -1.02%
38 Ecuador -1.13%
39 Grenada -1.21%
40 Brazil -1.24%
41 Afghanistan -1.29%
42 Guinea-Bissau -1.31%
43 Laos -1.37%
44 Sweden -1.44%
45 Dominican Republic -1.61%
46 Estonia -1.70%
47 Central African Republic -1.71%
48 Indonesia -1.73%
49 Guinea -1.73%
50 Cameroon -1.77%
51 Comoros -1.78%
52 Finland -1.80%
53 Liberia -1.81%
54 China -1.93%
55 Kazakhstan -2.03%
56 Nepal -2.06%
57 Bolivia -2.07%
58 Cambodia -2.09%
59 Togo -2.13%
60 Thailand -2.35%
61 Suriname -2.48%
62 Australia -2.48%
63 Taiwan -2.48%
64 Tunisia -2.49%
65 Macedonia -2.50%
66 Myanmar -2.52%
67 Ethiopia -2.52%
68 The Gambia -2.52%
69 Turkey -2.59%
70 Côte d'Ivoire -2.64%
71 Niger -2.65%
72 Zimbabwe -2.72%
73 Belize -2.77%
74 Mali -2.83%
75 Canada -2.92%
76 Bosnia and Herzegovina -2.99%
77 Fiji -3.00%
78 Mexico -3.05%
79 Honduras -3.10%
80 Uganda -3.10%
81 Syria -3.11%
82 Guatemala -3.11%
83 Zambia -3.12%
84 Luxembourg -3.12%
85 Jamaica -3.23%
86 Israel -3.27%
87 Bangladesh -3.28%
88 New Zealand -3.37%
89 Moldova -3.38%
90 Benin -3.44%
91 Venezuela -3.47%
92 Ukraine -3.50%
93 Philippines -3.54%
94 Malta -3.55%
95 Morocco -3.55%
96 Pakistan -3.56%
97 Russia -3.58%
98 Guyana -3.59%
99 Barbados -3.64%
100 Burkina Faso -3.69%
101 Germany -3.70%
102 Argentina -3.83%
103 Georgia -3.86%
104 Colombia -3.87%
105 Haiti -3.87%
106 Burundi -3.89%
107 Armenia -3.92%
108 Equatorial Guinea -3.94%
109 Serbia -4.04%
110 Austria -4.07%
111 Bulgaria -4.15%
112 Vietnam -4.18%
113 Nigeria -4.27%
114 Slovenia -4.29%
115 Italy -4.30%
116 Denmark -4.37%
117 Romania -4.39%
118 Costa Rica -4.40%
119 El Salvador -4.43%
120 Croatia -4.44%
121 South Africa -4.50%
122 Hungary -4.53%
123 Sudan -4.55%
124 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -4.61%
125 Belarus -4.69%
126 Slovakia -4.74%
127 Mongolia -4.76%
128 Senegal -4.79%
129 Mauritius -4.81%
130 The Bahamas -4.84%
131 Mauritania -4.88%
132 Albania -4.96%
133 Sierra Leone -4.99%
134 Botswana -5.00%
135 Yemen -5.02%
136 Tonga -5.06%
137 Kenya -5.06%
138 Belgium -5.07%
139 Madagascar -5.08%
140 Netherlands -5.09%
141 Tajikistan -5.10%
142 Portugal -5.23%
143 Jordan -5.26%
144 Bahrain -5.45%
145 Kosovo -5.50%
146 Malaysia -5.54%
147 Czech Republic -5.59%
148 Cyprus -5.63%
149 Iceland -5.65%
150 Saint Lucia -5.67%
151 France -6.02%
152 Tanzania -6.53%
153 Poland -6.65%
154 Trinidad and Tobago -6.71%
155 Sri Lanka -6.79%
156 Spain -6.94%
157 Mozambique -6.94%
158 Greece -7.30%
159 Ghana -7.38%
160 Latvia -7.60%
161 Egypt -7.62%
162 Lithuania -7.67%
163 Montenegro -7.70%
164 United Kingdom -8.08%
165 Iraq -8.21%
166 Namibia -8.27%
167 Algeria -8.44%
168 Kyrgyzstan -8.50%
169 India -8.53%
170 Japan -8.89%
171 Democratic Republic of Congo -9.49%
172 Lebanon -9.57%
173 United States -9.67%
174 Cape Verde -10.98%
175 Ireland -11.23%
176 Samoa -11.42%
177 Kiribati -12.55%
178 Eritrea -12.95%
179 Saint Kitts and Nevis -13.07%
180 Swaziland -14.74%
181 Lesotho -17.77%
182 Maldives -20.69%
183 Bhutan 0.00%